American IPA

Includes styles: West Coast IPA

Recipes:
85,045
BJCP 2021:
21A
Era:
Craft
Origin:
North America
Fermentation:
Top
Color:
Pale
Strength:
High
Taste:
Bitter

Profile

The American India Pale Ale is a hop-forward beer style that originated in the United States during the craft beer revolution of the 1980s. It is a modern take on the traditional English IPA, which was developed during the 18th century to withstand the long voyage from England to India. The American IPA is characterized by its high hop bitterness, aroma, and flavor, which is achieved by using American-grown hops that have high alpha acid content and a variety of aromas, such as citrus, pine, and tropical fruits.

American IPAs are usually golden to amber in color with a slight haze often considered acceptable due to dry hopping processes; however, some examples can be quite clear. A moderate to large off-white head can form when poured and should display good retention. Malt characteristics typically take a back seat but provide a neutral backdrop featuring bready or caramel notes and sufficient sweetness to balance out the pronounced hop bitterness. The depth of hoppiness is what truly defines this beer style. Taste buds are greeted with similar notes as detected by the nose – intense hop flavors commonly described as floral, fruity (including citrus-like lemon or orange), piney, resinous, or earthy depending on the variety of hops used. Light sweetness can be perceived amidst the prominent bitterness that persists through to a dry finish.

While drawing inspiration from its English predecessor – noted for more forward malt character and balanced earthy hops – this style distinguishes itself by celebrating bold American hops which provide distinctive flavor signatures uncharacteristic of European varietals.

Specifications

Alcohol

Specification
5.5 – 7.5 %

In Database
5.0 < 6.4 < 8.0 %

Bitterness

Specification
40 – 70 IBU

In Database
29 < 57 < 82 IBU

Color

Specification
12 – 28 EBC
6 – 14 SRM

In Database
7 < 14 < 28 EBC
4 < 7 < 14 SRM

Original Extract

Specification
13.7 – 16.9 °P
1.056 – 1.070 OG

In Database
11.9 < 15.2 < 18.9 °P
1.048 < 1.062 < 1.079 OG

Final Gravity

Specification
2.1 – 3.6 °P
1.008 – 1.014 FG

In Database
1.8 < 3.6 < 5.4 °P
1.007 < 1.014 < 1.021 FG

Popularity Over Time

Most Used Yeasts

Most Used Hops

Dosage of Hops

Hop Pairings

Brewing Recipes