English IPA

Recipes:
8,797
BJCP 2021:
12C
Era:
Traditional
Origin:
🇬🇧 Great Britain
Fermentation:
Top
Color:
Pale
Strength:
High
Taste:
Bitter

Profile

The English IPA, or India Pale Ale, traces its roots back to the beers brewed in England during the 19th century. Originally developed for export to India during British colonial rule, this beer was crafted to endure the long sea journey, capitalizing on the preservative qualities of hops and higher alcohol content. The style has evolved over time but retains characteristics that set it apart from its American counterparts and other pale ales.

Visually, an English IPA presents a golden to deep copper color with good clarity and moderate to moderately-high carbonation. The head is usually off-white and can range from moderate to voluminous, with good retention thanks mainly to the hops used in brewing. Flavor and aroma profiles are where the English IPA notably differs from other IPAs. While it also exhibits a balance between malt and hops like other pale ales, the hop presence is less aggressive than in American versions. In terms of aroma, you can expect a more subdued hop character with earthy, floral, and even slightly fruity notes derived from traditional English hop varieties – think Fuggle or East Kent Golding. Malt flavors tend toward biscuity or light toasty notes supporting the milder hop bitterness. Esters may be present but should be restrained; diacetyl (buttery flavor) can sometimes be detected but should not dominate. On the palate, the overall impression is one of balance: neither hops nor malt should overpower each other, making for a complex yet drinkable brew with moderate strength and a typically dry finish.

While sharing this lineage with other pale ale styles, English IPAs maintain their unique identity through their distinctive hop profile that typically eschews more citrus or resinous American hop varieties to impart an "English" character. Today's versions may show some influence from modern craft brewing techniques and global hops availability but still center on UK ingredients for authenticity.

Specifications

Alcohol

Specification
5.0 – 7.5 %

In Database
4.4 < 5.9 < 7.9 %

Bitterness

Specification
40 – 60 IBU

In Database
32 < 50 < 69 IBU

Color

Specification
12 – 28 EBC
6 – 14 SRM

In Database
7 < 17 < 30 EBC
4 < 9 < 15 SRM

Original Extract

Specification
12.3 – 16.9 °P
1.050 – 1.070 OG

In Database
10.9 < 14.4 < 18.6 °P
1.044 < 1.059 < 1.077 OG

Final Gravity

Specification
2.6 – 3.8 °P
1.010 – 1.015 FG

In Database
1.8 < 3.6 < 5.5 °P
1.007 < 1.014 < 1.022 FG

Popularity Over Time

Most Used Yeasts

Most Used Hops

Dosage of Hops

Hop Pairings

Brewing Recipes