Gueuze

Recipes:
81
BJCP 2021:
23E
Era:
Traditional
Origin:
🇧🇪 Belgium
Fermentation:
Wild
Conditioning:
Aged
Color:
Pale
Strength:
High

Profile

Gueuze is a distinctive beer style that belongs to the family of Belgian Lambic brews, known for their spontaneous fermentation. This style has a rich history that dates back centuries in Belgium, particularly in and around Brussels. Gueuze is created by blending young (1-year-old) and old (2-3 years) Lambics, which are then bottled for a secondary fermentation. The result is a complex, effervescent beer that showcases a harmonious balance between the fresh tartness of the younger Lambic and the mellowed sourness and complexity from the aged version.

The appearance of Gueuze typically ranges from golden to light amber with a notable haze due to the traditional bottle conditioning. A well-carved or persistent head can often top these brews but may not last given the high acidity and effervescence commonly found in this style. The aroma brings forth an intricate mixture – barnyard characteristics, leather, and earthiness derived from Brettanomyces yeast are common. Fruity esters might present lemon or green apple notes, while no hop aroma is typically present. Expect a delightful medley of sourness accompanied by funkiness without any hop bitterness playing into the profile. There's an elegant interplay between acidic qualities similar to a dry white wine and subdued malty sweetness struggling beneath the more dominant flavors. As with aroma, fruity aspects like citrus and green apple often emerge on the palate as well. Oak aging contributes to its complexity as many Gueuzes spend time maturing in barrels, lending subtle vanilla or almond notes into this intricate brew. Its finish is usually dry, further enhancing its refreshing character which often sees it compared with other complex fermented beverages outside of beer such as fine ciders or even certain vinegars used in gourmet cuisine.

While unique on its own, Gueuze shares similarities with other sour Lambic styles like Fruit Lambics where fruits such as cherries (Kriek) or raspberries are added to create variations that also enjoy international acclaim among enthusiasts of wild-fermented beers.

Specifications

Alcohol

Specification
5.0 – 8.0 %

In Database
4.7 < 6.0 < 8.0 %

Bitterness

In Database
2 < 8 < 14 IBU

Color

Specification
10 – 12 EBC
5 – 6 SRM

In Database
9 < 10 < 13 EBC
5 < 5 < 7 SRM

Original Extract

Specification
10.0 – 13.3 °P
1.040 – 1.054 OG

In Database
10.6 < 13.4 < 17.4 °P
1.043 < 1.055 < 1.072 OG

Final Gravity

Specification
0.0 – 1.5 °P
1.000 – 1.006 FG

In Database
0.6 < 2.8 < 4.6 °P
1.002 < 1.011 < 1.018 FG

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Trending Hops

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